History of Hiberno-English
– Old English and Anglo-Norman brought to Ireland through the Anglo-Norman invasion
– Yola language developed as a result, not mutually comprehensible with Modern English
– Second wave of English language brought to Ireland in the 16th century
– Norman English mainly spoken in the Pale around Dublin
– Irish culture and language regained territory lost to invaders by the Tudor period

Ulster English
– Influenced by Ulster Irish and Scots language
– Main subdivisions are Mid-Ulster English, South Ulster English, and Ulster Scots
– Distinct pronunciation features for certain words
– Rising intonation at the end of declarative sentences
– Kit pronounced lowered, closer to ë~ɘ~ɪ̈

West and South-West Irish accents
– Dialects and accents found in the west and southwest regions of Ireland
– Influenced by Irish language and conservative phonological features
– Unique grammatical structures and vocabulary
– Cork accent is an example of a West Irish accent
– Pronunciation of words like strut and mouth may differ from other English accents

Dublin accents
– Various accents found in Dublin
– Non-local Dublin accent exists
– New Dublin accent has emerged in recent times
– Donal MacIntyre is an example of a man with a new Dublin accent
– Pronunciation and intonation patterns may differ among Dublin accents

Non-regional standard accent
– Accent expanding since the last quarter of the twentieth century
– Outside of Northern Ireland
– Not tied to any specific region
– Represents a more standardized form of Irish English
– Continues to evolve and develop over timeSources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irish_English