Historical Background and Development
– Doha developed on the waterfront around the Souq Waqif area and gradually spread out in a radial pattern.
– Al Bidda was the original settlement that eventually formed the city of Doha.
– Doha was founded in the vicinity of Al Bidda during the 1820s.
– The Al Thani family gained control of Doha and played a significant role in its history.
– Doha became the capital of Qatar in 1971 after gaining independence from the British.
– The city experienced rapid development and modernization in the mid-20th century.
– Infrastructure and urban development projects, such as land reclamation and the construction of high-rises, transformed the city.
– Cultural attractions and historical sites were restored and developed.
– Doha continues to grow and attract international investment, positioning itself as a leading global city in the Middle East.

Significance and Events
– Doha is the capital city and main financial hub of Qatar.
– It is considered a beta-level global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.
– Doha has hosted various sporting events, including the 2006 Asian Games and the 2022 FIFA World Cup.
– The city hosted the 20th World Petroleum Conference in 2011.
– Doha has been named the second safest city in the world in the Numbeo Crime Index by City 2021.

Geography, Climate, and Demographics
– Doha is located on the central-east portion of Qatar, bordered by the Persian Gulf.
– The city has a hot desert climate with extremely hot summers and mild winters.
– The population of Doha is around one million, with explosive growth in the first decade of the 21st century.
– The majority of residents in Doha are Muslim, and Arabic is the official language.
– Doha is home to a diverse population of expatriates from various countries, including South-East and South Asian countries, Levant Arab countries, Djibouti, Somalia, North Africa, and East Asia.
– English is commonly used as a second language.

Administration and Districts
– Doha is divided into multiple districts, with over 60 districts recorded in the 2010 census.
– Some of the districts in Doha include Al Souq, Al Najada, Al Asmakh, Old Al Hitmi, Al Dafna, and West Bay.
– The Qatari Central Bank is located in the Al Souq district.
– The government has focused on the development of the Doha Bay area, resulting in the decline of districts like Al Najada and Al Asmakh.
– The city has undergone significant urban development and the demolition of historical architecture.

Economy and Infrastructure
– Doha is the economic center of Qatar and headquarters numerous domestic and international organizations.
– The city’s economy is primarily built on revenue from the oil and natural gas industries.
– The government has launched initiatives to diversify the economy, including the development of tourism.
– Doha International Airport was replaced by Hamad International Airport in 2014.
– Real estate prices in Doha have experienced significant increases, especially after Qatar won the rights to host the 2022 FIFA World Cup.Sources: