Geography and Demographics
– Berlin is the capital and largest city of Germany.
– It is located at coordinates 52°31′12″N 13°24′18″E.
– The city covers an area of 891.3 square kilometers (344.1 square miles).
– Berlin has a population of over 3.85 million inhabitants.
– The Berlin-Brandenburg capital region has a population of around 6.2 million.

– Berlin was first documented in the 13th century.
– It became the capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire, Weimar Republic, and Nazi Germany.
– After World War II, the city was divided, with West Berlin becoming a de facto exclave of West Germany.
– East Berlin was declared the capital of East Germany until German reunification in 1990.
– Berlin has served as a hub of the Enlightenment, Neoclassicism, and liberal revolution.

– Berlin’s economy is based on high-tech firms and the service sector.
– It is home to a diverse range of creative industries, startup companies, research facilities, and media corporations.
– The city is a continental hub for air and rail traffic.
– Significant industries include information technology, healthcare, automotive, and clean tech.
– Berlin is a popular location for international film productions.

Culture and Tourism
– Berlin is a world city of culture, politics, media, and science.
– It is known for its festivals, diverse architecture, nightlife, and contemporary arts.
– The city has three World Heritage Sites, including Museum Island and the Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin.
– Landmarks include the Brandenburg Gate, Reichstag building, and Berlin Wall Memorial.
– Berlin is home to numerous museums, galleries, libraries, orchestras, and sporting events.

Education and Landmarks
– Berlin is home to world-renowned universities such as Humboldt University and Technical University.
– The city’s Zoological Garden is the most visited zoo in Europe.
– Babelsberg is the world’s first large-scale movie studio complex.
– Berlin has a highly complex public transportation network.
– Landmarks include the Berlin Cathedral, Berlin Television Tower, and the Berlin Marathon.Sources: