Geography and Historical Significance
– Athens is located at coordinates 37°59′03″N 23°43′41″E and is a major coastal urban area in the Mediterranean.
– It is the capital and largest city of Greece, with a land area of 38.96km (15.04sqmi).
– Athens is one of the world’s oldest cities with a recorded history spanning over 3,400 years.
– It was a powerful city-state in ancient Greece and a center for democracy, arts, education, and philosophy.
– Athens is considered the cradle of Western civilization and the birthplace of democracy.
– The city hosted the first modern-day Olympic Games in 1896 and the 2004 Summer Olympics.

Economic and Cultural Importance
– Athens is a major economic center in Southeastern Europe and a Beta-status global city.
– It has a large financial sector, and its port Piraeus is the 2nd busiest passenger port in Europe.
– Athens is central to economic, financial, industrial, maritime, political, and cultural life in Greece.
– It is home to several museums and cultural institutions, including the Acropolis Museum and the National Archaeological Museum.

Population and Urban Area
– The Athens metropolitan area, including its surrounding municipalities, has a population of approximately 3.8 million.
– The Municipality of Athens has a population of 698,567, and the Athens metropolitan area extends beyond its administrative municipal city limits, with a population of 3,638,281.
– It covers an area of 2,928.717km (1,131sqmi) and is the eighth largest urban area in the European Union.

Landmarks and UNESCO World Heritage Sites
– Athens is known for its ancient monuments, including the Parthenon and the Acropolis of Athens.
– It has Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman monuments showcasing its historical continuity.
– Athens is home to two UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Acropolis of Athens and the medieval Daphni Monastery.
– Landmarks of the modern era include the Hellenic Parliament and the Architectural Trilogy of Athens.
– The city has a rich cultural scene with museums like the Museum of Cycladic Art and the Benaki Museum.

Ancient History and Middle Ages
– Athens has a history of continuous habitation for at least 5,000 years, becoming an important center of the Mycenaean civilization.
– It went through periods of economic decline and social unrest before introducing democracy in 508 BC.
– Athens became a significant naval power, leading the Greek coalition that defeated the Persians.
– It experienced a Golden Age during which prominent playwrights and philosophers flourished.
– Athens declined under Roman and Byzantine rule and faced occupation by the Ottomans in the Middle Ages.Sources: