– Nineveh is located at coordinates 36°21′34″N 43°09′10″E.
– It is situated in present-day Iraq.
– The city is positioned on the eastern bank of the Tigris River.
– Nineveh is located approximately 350 kilometers (220 miles) north of Baghdad.
– It is part of the Nineveh Governorate.

Historical Significance:
– Nineveh was an ancient Assyrian city.
– It served as the capital of the Neo-Assyrian Empire.
– The city was one of the largest in the world during its time.
– Nineveh was a center of trade, culture, and military power.
– It played a crucial role in shaping the history of the ancient Near East.

Abandonment and Rediscovery:
– Nineveh was abandoned in 612 BC.
– The city was destroyed by a coalition of Babylonians, Medes, and Scythians.
– After its abandonment, Nineveh was largely forgotten and buried under the earth.
– The ruins of Nineveh were rediscovered in the mid-19th century.
– Archaeological excavations have revealed valuable insights into the ancient Assyrian civilization.

Battle of Nineveh (612 BC):
– The Battle of Nineveh took place in 612 BC.
– It was a decisive battle between the alliance of Babylonians, Medes, and Scythians against the Assyrians.
– The battle resulted in the fall of Nineveh and the end of the Neo-Assyrian Empire.
– The destruction of Nineveh marked a significant turning point in ancient history.
– The battle’s outcome led to a power shift in the region and the rise of the Neo-Babylonian Empire.

Cultural and Architectural Achievements:
– Nineveh was renowned for its impressive architecture and monumental structures.
– The city had grand palaces, temples, and fortifications.
– The famous Ishtar Gate, adorned with colorful glazed bricks, was one of its notable structures.
– Nineveh’s art and sculptures showcased the skill and craftsmanship of the Assyrians.
– The city’s cultural and architectural achievements left a lasting impact on later civilizations.Sources: