Nakba

Historical Background and Events Leading to the Nakba
– Arrival of Zionists and land purchase in late 19th century Ottoman Palestine
– British rule as rulers of Mandatory Palestine after partition of Ottoman Empire
– United Nations partition of Mandatory Palestine in 1947 leading to 1948 Palestine war and creation of State of Israel

Events and Consequences of the Nakba in 1948
– Approximately 750,000 Palestinian Arabs expelled or fled during 1948 Palestinian expulsion and flight
– Cities such as Tiberias, Haifa, Safed, Jaffa, and Acre destroyed or depopulated
– Israel held about 78% of Palestine’s land by the end of the war in 1949
– Approximately 156,000 Palestinians remained within the borders of Israel
– Gaza Strip came under Egyptian control and West Bank was annexed by Jordan

Post-Nakba Period (1949-1966)
– Internally displaced Palestinians lived under martial law from 1948 to 1966
– Israel prevented Palestinian refugees outside of Israel from returning
– Palestinians continued to be expelled and more towns and villages destroyed
– Palestinian place names and the name Palestine itself were removed from maps and books

Ongoing Displacement and Occupation
– Hundreds of thousands of Palestinian refugees driven from West Bank, Gaza, and East Jerusalem during the 1967 Six-Day War
– Israel occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip after the war
– Palestinian refugees in Lebanon killed or displaced during 1982 Lebanon War
– First Intifada began in 1987 and lasted until 1993 Oslo Accords
– Israel withdrew from Gaza in 2005 and blockaded it, built Israeli West Bank barrier, and created Palestinian enclaves

Causes and Long-Term Implications of the Nakba
– UN Partition Plan of 1947 allocated 56% of Palestine to the future Jewish state
– Palestinian majority was to receive 44% of the territory
– 80% of land in the Jewish state was owned by Palestinians
– Palestinian statelessness and denationalization
– Fracturing of society and desire for return to lost homeland
– Ongoing Nakba as a continuous experience of violence and dispossession
– Terminology and significance of the Nakba in Palestinian national narrativeSources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nakba